全国各地近6年高考真题之30套2016年真题(含谜底可下载)
作者:hth华体会全站app 发布时间:2022-05-29 03:20
本文摘要:高考题作为每年最高质量的命题试卷,经由各科专家充实论证,是学生学习训练必不行少的参考资料,老师整理汇总了2015-2020年的近六年全国各地使用的高考真题卷(含谜底)免费奉献给大家,喜欢的可以点击《近六年全国高考真题三年模拟试题》检察和下载。今天把2016年30套全国高考真题卷(含谜底)免费分享给大家,家长可以打印让孩子训练,也可以收藏在以后学习中作为参考资料。

hth华体会全站app

高考题作为每年最高质量的命题试卷,经由各科专家充实论证,是学生学习训练必不行少的参考资料,老师整理汇总了2015-2020年的近六年全国各地使用的高考真题卷(含谜底)免费奉献给大家,喜欢的可以点击《近六年全国高考真题三年模拟试题》检察和下载。今天把2016年30套全国高考真题卷(含谜底)免费分享给大家,家长可以打印让孩子训练,也可以收藏在以后学习中作为参考资料。希望对孩子学习有所资助,请放心下载!2016高考试卷真题资源库:部门数学英语试题粘贴后花样会发生变化,下载尺度电子版打印,请拉到文末,按提示下载绝密★启封前2016普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标I)英语试卷类型A第Ⅰ卷第一部门听力(共两节,满分 30 分)做题时,先将谜底标在试卷上,录音内容竣事后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的谜底转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间往返答有关小题和阅读下一小题。

每段对话仅读一遍。例:How much is the shirt?A. £ 19. 15.B. £ 9. 18.C. £ 9. 15.谜底是 C。1. What are the speakers talking about?A. Having a birthday party.B. Doing some exercise.C. Getting Lydia a gift.2. What is the woman going to do?A. Help the man.B. Take a bus.C. Get a camera.3. What does the woman suggest the man do?A. Tell Kate to stop.B. Call Kate’s friends.C. Stay away from Kate.4. Where does the conversation probably take place?A. In a wine shop.B. In a supermarket.C. In a restaurant.5. What does the woman mean?A. Keep the window closed.B. Go out for fresh air.C. Turn on the fan.第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)听下面5段对话或独白。

每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。

每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段质料,回覆第6、7题。

6. What is the man going to do this summer?A. Teach a course.B. Repair his house.C. Work at a hotel.7. How will the man use the money?A. To hire a gardener.B. To buy books.C. To pay for a boat trip.听第7段质料,回覆第8、9题。8. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?A. Schoolmates.B. Colleagues.C. Roommates.9. What does Frank plan to do right after graduation?A. Work as a programmer.B. Travel around the world.C. Start his own business.听第8段质料,回覆第10至12题。

10. Why does the woman make the call?A. To book a hotel room.B. To ask about the room service.C. To make changes to a reservation.11. When will the woman arrive at the hotel?A. On September 15.B. On September 16.C. On September 23.12. How much will the woman pay for her room per night?A. $179.B. $199.C. $219.听第9段质料,回覆第13至16题。13. What is the woman’s plan for Saturday?A. Going shopping.B. Going camping.C. Going boating.14. Where will the woman stay in Keswick?A. In a country inn.B. In a five-star hotel.C. In her aunt’s home.15. What will Gordon do over the weekend?A. Visit his friends.B. Watch DVDs.C. Join the woman.16. What does the woman think of Gordon’s coming weekend?A. Relaxed.B. Boring.C. Busy.听第10段质料,回覆第17至20题。

17. Who is Wang Ming?A. A student.B. An employer.C. An engineer.18. What does the speaker say about the college job market this year?A. It’s unpredictable.B. It’s quite stable.C. It’s not optimistic.19. What percentage of student job seekers have found a job by now?A. 20%.B. 22%.C. 50%.20. Why are engineering graduates more likely to accept a job?A. They need more work experience.B. The salary is usually good.C. Their choice is limited.第二部门阅读明白(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列漫笔,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。AYou probably know who Marie Curie was,but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson. Of the outstanding ladies listed below,who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?Jane Addams(1860-1935)Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank. Addams helped the poor and worked for peace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need. In 1931,Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.Rachel Carson(1907-1964)If it weren’t for Rachel Carson, the environmental movement might not exist today. Her popular 1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans.Sandra Day O’Connor(1930-present)When Sandra Day O’Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952,she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and ,in 1981, the first woman to join the U. S. Supreme Court. O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court.Rosa Parks(1913-2005)On December 1,1955,in Montgomery,Alabama,Rasa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a passenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison. But it also set off the Montgomery bus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. “The only tired I was, was tired of giving in,” said Parks.21. What is Jane Addams noted for in history?A. Her social work.B. Her teaching skills.C. Her efforts to win a prize.D. Her community background.22. What was the reason for O’Connor’s being rejected by the law firm?A. Her lack of proper training in law.B. Her little work experience in court.C. The discrimination against women.D. The poor financial conditions.23. Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the U.S.?A. Jane Addams.B. Rachel Carson.C. Sandra Day O’Connor.D. Ross Parks.24. What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?A. They are highly educated.B. They are truly creative.C. They are pioneers.D. They are peace-lovers.BGrandparents Answer a CallAs a third-generation native of Brownsville, Texas, Mildred Garza never planned to move away. Even when her daughter and son asked her to move to San Antonio to help with their children, she politely refused. Only after a year of friendly discussion did Ms. Garza finally say yes. That was four years ago. Today all three generations regard the move as a success,giving them a closer relationship than they would have had in separate cities.No statistics show the number of grandparents like Garza who are moving closer to adult children and grandchildren. Yet there is evidence suggesting that the trend is growing. Even President Obama’s mother-in-law, Marian Robinson, has agreed to leave Chicago and move into the White House to help care for her granddaughters. According to a study by grandparents.com, 83 percent of the people said Mrs. Robinson’s decision will influencegrandparents in the American family. Two-thirds believe more families will follow the example of Obama’s family.“In the 1960s we were all a little wild and couldn’t get away from home far enough or fast enough to prove we could do it on our own,” says Christine Crosby, publisher of Grand,a magazine for grandparents. “We now realize how important family is and how important it is to be near them, especially when you’re raising children.”Moving is not for everyone. Almost every grandparent wants to be with his or her grandchildren and is willing to make sacrifices, but sometimes it is wiser to say no and visit frequently instead. Having your grandchildren far away is hard, especially knowing your adult child is struggling, but giving up the life you know may be harder.25. Why was Garza’s move a success?A. It strengthened her family ties.B. It improved her living conditions.C. It enabled her make more friends.D. It helped her know more new places.26. What was the reaction of the public to Mrs. Robinson’s decision?A. 17% expressed their support for it.B. Few people responded sympathetically.C. 83% believed it had a bad influence.D. The majority thought it was a trend.27. What did Crosby say about people in the 1960s?A. They were unsure of themselves.B. They were eager to raise more children.C. They wanted to live away from their parents.D. They had little respect for their grandparents.28. What does the author suggest the grandparents do in the last paragraph?A. Make decisions in the best interestsof their own.B. Ask their children to pay more visits to them.C. Sacrifice for their struggling children.D. Get to know themselves better.CI am Peter Hodes,a volunteer stem courier. Since March 2012, I’ve done 89 trips— of those , 51 have been abroad, I have 42 hours to carry stem cells (干细胞) in my little box because I’ve got two ice packs and that’s how long they last.In all, from the time the stem cells are harvested from a donor (募捐者) to the time they can be implanted in the patient, we’ve got 72 hours at most, So I am always conscious of time.I had one trip last year where I was caught by a hurricane in America. I picked up the stem cells in Providence, Rhode Island, and was meant to fly to Washington then back to London. But when I arrived at the check-in desk at Providence, the lady on the desk said: “Well, I’m really sorry, I’ve got some bad news for you—there are no flights from Washington.” So I took my box and put it on the desk and I said: “In this box are some stem cells that are urgently needed for a patient —please, please, you’ve got to get me back to the United Kingdom.” She just dropped everything. She arranged for a flight on a small plane to be held for me. re-routed(改道)me through Newark and got me back to the UK even earlier than originally scheduled.For this courier job, you’re consciously aware thatin that box you’ve got something that is potentially going to save somebody’s life.29. Which of the following can replace the underlined word “courier” in Paragraph1?A. providerB. delivery manC. collectorD. medical doctor30. Why does Peter have to complete his trip within 42hours?A. He cannot stay away from his job too long.B. The donor can only wait for that long.C. The operation needs that much time.D. The ice won’t last any longer.31. Which flight did the woman put Peter on first?A. To London.B. ToNewark.C. To Providence.D. To Washington.DThe meaning of silence varies among cultural groups. Silences may be thoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say. A silence in a conversation may also show stubbornness, uneasiness, or worry. Silence may be viewed by some cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be made to fill every gap(间隙)with conversation. Persons in other cultural groups value silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person’s needs.Many Native Americans value silence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as some traditional Chinese and Thai persons do. Therefore, when a person from one of these cultures is speaking and suddenly stops, what maybe implied(表示) is that the person wants the listener to consider what has been said before continuing. In these cultures, silence is a call for reflection.Other cultures may use silence in other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or in relationships of people with different amounts of power. For example, Russian, French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between parties about the topic under discussion. However, Mexicans may use silence when instructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to that person by arguing with him or her. In still another use, persons in Asian cultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or a person in authority.Nurses and other care-givers need to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across the personal anxiety their patients may be experiencing. Nurses should recognize their own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient’s silence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily. A nurse who understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.32. What does the author say about silence in conversations?A. It implies anger.B. It promotes friendship.C. It is culture-specific.D. It is content-based.33. Which of the following people might regard silence as a call for careful thought?A. The Chinese.B. The French.C. The Mexicans.D. The Russians.34. What does the author advise nurses to do about silence?A. Let it continue as the patient pleases.B. Break it while treating patients.C. Evaluate its harm to patients.D. Make use of its healing effects.35. What may be the best title for the text?A. Sound and SilenceB. What It Means to Be SilentC. Silence to Native AmericansD. Speech Is Silver; Silence Is Gold第二节(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)凭据漫笔内容,从漫笔后的选项中选出能填入空缺处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

Secret codes (密码)keep messages private。Banks, companies, and government agencies use secret codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer.People have used secret codes for thousands of years. 36 Code breaking never lags(落伍) far behind code making. The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography.There are three main types of cryptography. 37 For example, the first letters of “My elephant eats too many eels” Spell out the hidden message “Meet me.”38 You might represent each letter with a number, for example. Let’s number the letters of the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26. If we substitute a number for each letter, the message “Meet me” would read “13 5 5 20 13 5.”A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book. 39 For example, “bridge” might stand for “meet” and “out” might stand for “me.” The message “Bridge out” would actually mean “Meet me.”40 However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long. So codes must be changed frequently.A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.B. In any language, some letters are used more than others.C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.D. As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.E. You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out.F. With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words.G. Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet.第三部门英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面漫笔,从漫笔后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出可以填入空缺处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。A Heroic DriverLarry works with Transport Drivers, Inc. One morning in 2009, Larry was 41along I65 north after delivering to one of his 42 .Suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on. 43 he got closer, he found 44 vehicle upside down on the road. One more look and he noticed 45 shooting out from under the 46 vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and 47 the fire extinguisher (灭火器). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out.The man who had his bright lights on 48 and told Larry he had 49 an emergency call. They 50 heard a woman’s voice coming from the wrecked (破坏的) vehicle. 51 the vehicle, they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window. They told her to stay 52 until the emergency personnel arrived, 53 she thought the car was going to 54 . Larry told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move 55 she injured her neck.Once fire and emergency people arrived, Larry and the other man 56 and let them go to work. Then, Larry asked the 57 if he was needed or 58 to go. They let him and the other man go.One thing is 59 —Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His 60 most likely saved the woman’s life.41. A. walkingB. touringC. travelingD. rushing42. A. passengersB. colleaguesC. employersD. customers43. A. SinceB. AlthoughC. AsD. If44. A. eachB. anotherC. thatD. his45. A. flamesB. smokeC. waterD. steam46. A. usedB. disabledC. removedD. abandoned47. A. got hold ofB. preparedC. took charge ofD. controlled48. A. came downB. came throughC. came inD. came over49. A. returnedB. receivedC. madeD. confirmed50. A. thenB. againC. finallyD. even51. A. StartingB. Parking C. PassingD. Approaching52. A. quietB. stillC. awayD. calm53. A. forB. soC. andD. but54. A. explodeB. slip awayC. fall apartD. crash55. A. as ifB. unlessC. in caseD. after56. A. stepped forwardB. backed offC. moved onD. set out57. A. womanB. policeC. manD. driver58. A. forbiddenB. readyC. askedD. free59. A. for certainB. for considerationC. reportedD. checked60. A. patienceB. skillsC. effortsD. promise第 II 卷第三部门 英语知识运用第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面质料,在空缺处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia’s biggest building, and fancy new hotels. But for tourists like me, pandas are its top 61 (attract).So it was a great honour to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit Panda Base, where ticket money helps pay for research, I 62 (allow) to get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre centre. From tomorrow, I will be their UK ambassador. The title will be 63 (official) given to me at a ceremony in London. But my connection with pandas goes back 64 my days on a TV show in the mid-1980s, 65 I was the first Western TV reporter 66 (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild. My ambassadorial duties will include 67 (introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research in the misty mountains of Bifengxia.On my recent visit, I held a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by 68 (it) mother. The nursery team switches him every few 68 (day) with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed, 70 other is with mum―she never suspects.第四部门写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节 漫笔改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交流修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live. Though not very big,but the restaurant is popular in our area. It is always crowded with customers at meal times. Some people even had to wait outside. My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest. Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead,he hopes that our business will grow steady.第二节书面表达(满分25分)假定你是李华,暑假想去一家外贸公司兼职,已写好申请书和小我私家简历(resume)。

给外教Ms Jenkins 写信,请她帮你修改所附质料的文字和花样(format)。注意:1. 词数100左右;2. 可以适当增加细节,已使行文连贯。2016年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标I卷参考谜底试卷总评:2016年高考英语新课标I卷试题整体难度与往年大要相同。

其中,阅读明白体裁多样,有记叙文、说明文等,偏重考察学生的细节明白能力和推理判断能力,缺少了历年来的应用文阅读。完形填空仍是夹叙夹议文,着重考察实词在语篇中的准确运用,难度适中。

语法填空和漫笔改错涉及到动词,形容词,名词,等常见考点,充实考察了学生对篇章解读以及对语境和语法知识的掌握。书面表达是学生熟悉的书信文体,话题靠近学生生活,人人有话可说,有感而发。给考生提供了充实的拓展空间,具有开放性,难度较低。第一部门听力1-5 CA 6-10 AC 11-15 BBCAB 16-20 BACAB第二部门阅读明白(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)A 篇阅读 21 -24ACDCB 篇阅读 25-28 ADCAC篇阅读 29-31 BDBD 篇阅读 32-35 CADB第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)36 –40 DEGFA第三部门英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节完形填空(共20 小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)41- 45 CD 46-50 BADCA 51-55 DB DA C 56-60 BBDAC第二节英语知识运用(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)61. attraction 62. was allowed 63. officially 64. to 65. when66. permitted 67. introducing 68. its 69. days 70. the第四部门写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节漫笔改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)71. that →where 72. but去掉 73. had →have 74. honest→ honesty 75. or→ and76. using →used 77. becoming前加of 78. the →a 79. our→ his 80. stead→steadily第二节书面表达(满25分)略Dear Ms Jenkins,I’m Li Hua from your English writing class last term. I’m writing to ask for your help. I’m applyingfor a part-time job at a foreign company in my city during the summer vacation, and I have just completed my application letter and resume. However, I am not quite sure of the language and the format I’ve used. I know you have a very busy schedule, but I’d be very grateful if you could take some time to go through them and make necessary changes. Please find my application letter and resume in the attachment.Thank you for your kindness!Yours,Li Hua2016高考江苏卷英语听力原文及谜底剖析Text 1W: What are we going to get for Lydia’s birthday?M: How about a pair of running shoes?W: You know she hates doing exercise.M: Then I guess we can buy her a birthday cake.Text 2M: Excuse me. Do you have time to help take a picture of us?W: Oh, I’m sorry. I’ve got to catch a bus.M: That’s OK.Text 3M: It really annoys me when Kate calls her friends during office hours.W: If I were you, I would tell her to stop.M: Maybe you’re right. I will talk to her sometime.Text 4M: Here’s the menu, Madame. Would you like something to drink?W: Yes, please. May I see the wine list?M: Certainly. Here you are.Text 5M: We need to have some fresh air. Do you mind my opening the window?W: As a matter of fact, I’m feeling a bit cold.Text 6M: Guess what I’ll be doing this summer?W: What?M: I’m going to work at the Riverside Hotel.W: What exactly will you be doing?M: Let’s see. I’ll be doing some small repairs inside and outside the hotel. I’ll be cutting grass and taking care of the flowers.W: Sounds interesting. What’s the pay?M: Well, uh…about fifteen dollars an hour, five hours a day, and Sunday free.W: That’s good money. What are you going to do with it?M: I’ll pay for the textbooks for next term.Text 7M: Hi, Sue. How’s it going?W: Oh, hi, Frank, just fine. How are your classes?M: Pretty good. I’m glad this is my last term here, though.W: Why is that? I thought you were enjoying school.M: I was. But now I’m getting tired of it. I’m ready for the real world.W: What are you planning to do when you graduate?M: First, I want to get a job as a computer programmer, and then after five years or so, I’d like to start my own business.W: Sounds good. I still have three terms to go until I’m done.M: You’ll make it for sure. Well, see you later.W: Bye!Text 8M: Hello, Milton Hotel Reservations. How may I assist you?W: Hi, I’m calling to make some changes to an existing reservation.M: Certainly. Do you have the reservation number?W: Sure, it’s 219.M: That’s a reservation for Sally Menkel. Is that right?W: Yes, that’s right. I’d like to change the check-in date from September 15 to September 16.M: Certainly. I can make that change for you. Is that the only change?W: No, the check-out date will also change from the 23rd to the 24th.M: No problem. We have you arriving on the 16th of September and leaving the 24th of September — altogether, eight nights. Will there be anything else?W: Yes. Instead of a courtyard room, I’d like a room with a view, preferably on an upper floor.M: I can certainly change that for you, but there will be a change in the room rate. The new rate is $199 per night, instead of the original $179.W: That’s OK. These are all the changes. Thank you very much.M: You’re welcome. Have a nice day!Text 9W: Gordon, I’m going to Keswick in the Lake District this weekend.M: Really?W: Yeah, five of us. Why don’t you join us? We’re getting to Keswick on Friday. Then we’re going boating on Saturday. And on Sunday, we’re going to do some shopping. Then I will take some time to visit my aunt Lucy.M: You’re not going to camp, are you? Isn’t it a bit cold?W: No, we’re not. It is a bit cold. We’re staying in a country inn. It’s not like five-star hotels or anything. But it’s really comfortable.M: Hmm, sounds interesting. You know, it’s the boating that I don’t like.W: Well, what are you up to?M: Sit on my sofa all weekend and watch the DVDs I’ve just bought. And that will be a busy weekend. I may finish watching Friends.W: I don’t know how you can do that all weekend, Gordon. I’d get bored.M: I know, I know. But that’s really what I want to do.Text 10M: Hello. Welcome to the program. In America, May and June are the traditional months for graduations. A listener in China, Wang Ming, who is about to get an engineering degree, wants to know how American college graduates find jobs. Right now, the answer is: not very easily. A latest study on the college job market showed that employers wanted to hire 22% fewer graduates this year than last. The study also showed that just 20% of those who looked for jobs before graduation have found one by now. This is compared to half of students who had looked for a job by this time two years ago. But one difference: fewer of this year’s graduates have started to search for jobs. Engineering graduates were more likely to have started their job search already, and to have accepted a job. This is among the best-paid professions for people with just a college degree. On average, engineering majors expect to start at about $62,000 a year.2016年全国II卷高考语文真题第I卷阅读题甲必考题一、现代文阅读阅读下面的文宇,完成1〜3題.人们常说“小说是讲故事的艺术”,但故事不即是小说,故事讲述人与小说家也不能混为一谈。

就传统而言,讲故事的讲述亲身履历或道题听途说的故事,口耳相传,把它们转化为听众的履历;小说家则通常记载见闻传说,虚构故事,经由艺术处置惩罚,把它们酿成小说交给读者。除流传形式上的简朴差异外,早期小说和故事的本质区别并不显着,履历和见闻是它们的配合要素,在传统较为落伍的已往,作为远行者的商人和水手最适合充当故事讲述人的角色,故事的富厚水平与远行者的游历成比。受此影响,外洋古典小说也常以人物的履历为主线组织故事,《荷马史诗》《一千零一夜》都是形貌某种特殊的履历和遭遇,《唐吉可德》中的故事是唐吉可德的行侠奇遇和所见所闻,17世纪欧洲的流离汉小说也体现游历见闻的连缀。

在中国,民间传说和历史故事为志怪类和史传类的小说提供了用之不竭的素材,话本等古典小说形式也显示出小说和传统故事的亲密关系。虚构的增强使小说和传统质检的区别清晰起来。小说中的故事可以来自想象。纷歧定是作者的亲历亲闻。

小说家常闭门构想,作品大多降生于他们的离群索居的时候,小说家可以闲坐在布宜诺斯艾利斯的图书馆中,或者在巴黎一间终年不见阳光的阁楼里,杜撰他们想象中的历险故事,可是,一名水手也许历尽千辛万苦才气把在东印度群岛听到的故事带回伦敦;一个匠人漂泊一生,积攒下无数的见闻、掌故或趣事,当他晚年作在火炉旁给孩子们讲述这一切的时候,他本人就是故事的一部门,传统故事是否值得转述,往往只取决于故事自己的趣味性和可流传性,与传统的故事方式差别,小说家一般并不但纯转述故事,他是在从事故事的制作和生产,有深思熟虑的讲述目的。就现代小说而言,虚构一个故事并非首要功效,现代小说的繁荣对应的故事差别水平的减损或逐渐消失,现代小说家看待故事的方式庞大多变,以实现他们特殊的叙事目的。小说家出现人生,有时会写到难以言喻的小我私家履历,他们会调整讲故事的方式,甚至将虚构和表述的重心揶到故事之外。

在这些小说家笔下,故事成了幌子,故事之外的附加信息显得更有意味。19世纪末期以来,小说家对小说故事性的破坏日趋强烈。

这时,一个故事的优劣并不看它的“成色”如何,而是取决于讲故事的方式。契诃夫曾经把那些欠好好讲故事的小说家称为“耍弄蹩脚花招的人”,但这种花招的大量泛起也有其内在的合理性—他们要挣脱陈旧的故事模式,挣脱虚假的因果关系和装腔作势的戏剧冲突,甚至挣脱故事自己。现代小说家认为,传统的故事模式早已失去了弹性和内在活力,也失去了起初的存在价值,那些千百年来一直在给小说提供养料的故事模式已经成为制约想象力的障碍之一。

(摘编自格非《塞壬的歌声》)1. 下列关于原文内容的表述,不正确的一项是( )A.讲故事的人纷歧定是小说家,小说家在讲故事的时候,不像传统的故事讲述者那么依赖亲身履历和耳闻眼见的事。B.传统故事和早期小说的本质差异在于,前者是故事的口耳相传,后者则是作家创作加工后的游历见闻。C.17世纪的欧洲流离汉小说和部门中国古典小说,或在叙述形式方面,或在素材泉源方面,都受到了传统故事的影响。

D.当小说家越来越依靠想象力虚构故事的时候,小说和传统故事在内容泉源方面的差异使它们之间的关联不再像已往那么精密。2. 下列明白和分析,不切合原文意思的一项是( )A.水手在伦敦讲东印度群岛的所见所闻,匠人在火炉边讲自己的人生履历,他们讲的故事各有特点,但同属于传统故事模式。B.传统的故事讲述者大多会讲述那些为听众喜闻乐见的事,小说家则会凭据自己的写作意图审慎构想,创作新的故事。C.现代小说不太注重一个故事如何来讲,因为故事情节已不再是现代小说最重要的因素,人们更注意故事之外的附加意味。

D.现代小说家不喜欢传统故事模式,视它为绊脚石,是因为他们以为这种故事模式显得僵化死板,已经不能促进小说艺术的生长。3.凭据原文内容,下列说法不正确的一项是( )A.传统的故事讲述人如果把自己的故事记载下来,举行加工致理,就能形成一种和早期小说靠近的文 字,有些讲述人也会成为小说家。

B.现代小说家实验用新的方式讲故事,会削弱小说的故事性,这将降低小说对虚构的依赖,小说的小我私家表达功效却会因此获得强化。C.契诃夫不大认可“欠好好讲故事的小说家”,对他们的做法评价不高,由此可知其时这股写作潮水与他的创作理念相悖。D.现代小说的生长加剧了故事在小说中的衰变,与此同时,随着现代传媒的不停生长,传统的故事讲述方式也可能消亡。

二、古代诗文阅读(一)文言文阅读(19分)阅读下面的文言文,完成4〜7题。陈登云,字从龙,唐山人,万历五年进士,出鄢陵知县,征授御史,出接辽东,疏陈安攘十册,又请速首功之赏,改巡山西。还朝,会廷臣方争建储。

登云谓议不早决,由贵妃家阴沮之。十六年六月遂因灾异抗疏,劾妃父郑承宪,言:“承宪怀祸藏奸窥觊贰且广结术士之流曩陛下重惩科场冒籍承宪妻每扬言事由己发用以吓唬勋贵簧鼓朝绅不光惠安遭其虐焰,即中宫与太后家亦谨避其锋矣,陛下享国久长,自由敬德所致,而承宪每对人言,以为不立东宫之效。

滋扰盛典,蓄隐邪谋,他日何所不至?”疏入,贵妃、承宪皆怒,同列亦为登云危,帝竟留中不下。久之,疏论吏部尚书陆光祖,又论贬四川提学副使冯时可,论罢应天巡抚李涞、顺天巡抚王致祥,又论礼部侍郎韩世能、尚书罗万化、南京太仆卿徐用检、朝右皆惮之。时方考选科道,登云因疏言:“近岁言官,壬午以前怵于威,则摧刚为柔;壬午以后昵于情,则化直为佞。

其间岂无朴直之人,而弗胜龃龉,多不能安其身。二十年来,以朴直擢京卿者百止一二耳。

背公植党,遂嗜乞怜,如所谓‘七豺’‘八狗’者,言路顾居其半。夫台谏为天下持是非,而使人贱辱至此,安望其抗颜直绳,为国家除巨猾、歼巨蠹哉!与其误用而斥之,不若慎于始进。

”因条数事以献,出按河南。岁大饥,人相食。副使崔应麟见民啖泽中雁矢,囊示登云,登云即进之于朝。帝立遣肆丞锺化民赍帑币振之。

登云巡方者三,风裁峻厉。以久之当擢京卿,累寝不下,遂移疾归。寻卒。

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(节选自《明史·陈登云传》)4.下列对文中画直线部门的断句,正确的一项是(3分)A.承宪怀祸藏奸/窥觊储贰且广结术士之流/曩陛下重惩科场/冒籍承宪妻每扬言事由己发/用以恐喝勋贵/簧鼓朝绅/B.承宪怀祸藏奸/窥觊储贰/且广结术士之流/曩陛下重惩科场冒籍/承宪妻每扬言/事由己发用以恐喝勋贵/簧鼓朝绅/C.承宪怀祸藏奸/窥觊储贰/且广结术士之流/曩陛下重惩科场冒籍/承宪妻每扬言事由己发/用以恐喝勋贵/簧鼓朝绅/D.承宪怀祸藏奸/窥觊储贰且广结术士之流/曩陛下重惩科场/冒籍承宪妻每扬言/事由己发用以恐喝勋贵/簧鼓朝绅/5.下列对文中加粗词语的相关内容的解说,不正确的一项是(3分)A.中宫是皇后所居之宫,厥后又可以借指皇后,这与东宫又可以借指太子是同样原理。B.陛下指宫殿中立有护卫的台阶下,因群臣不行直呼帝王,于是借用为对帝王的尊称。C.吏部是古代六部之一,掌管文官任免、考核、升降、调动等,主座为吏部尚书。

D.移疾指官员上书称病,实际是官员受到权臣诋毁,不得不请求退职的委婉说法。6.下列对原文有关内容的归纳综合和分析,不正确的一项是(3分)A.陈登云不畏权贵,弹劾贵妃之父。

他出于对朝廷的忠心,即便对郑承宪这样的国戚,也斗胆揭发对方为非作歹,心怀叵测,幸而皇上并未因此发怒。B.陈登云敢于直言,揭发多名重臣。他在朝既久,发现诸多问题,于是奏告一干大臣,其中有些人因此遭到贬职或撤职,以至朝廷大官们都很畏惧他。C.陈登云上疏指出,选才慎于始进。

他认为二十年来,朴直者很少被提拔进京,在朝者却背公结党,谄媚权贵,与其误用后撤职,不如进用时慎重。D.陈登云体贴黎民,奏请救助灾区。

在他巡视河南期间,当地年成歉收,黎民相食,他向朝廷呈告灾情,皇上立即派遣寺丞锺化民筹措钱款赈济灾民。7.把文中斜体字的句子翻译成现代汉语。

(10分)(1)其间岂无朴直之人,而弗胜龃龉,多不能安其身。(2)副使崔应麟见民啖泽中雁矢,囊示登云,登云即进之于朝。(二)古代诗歌阅读(11分)阅读下面这首唐诗,完成8〜9题。

丹青引赠曹将军霸①(节选)杜 甫先帝天马玉花骢②,画工如山貌差别。是日牵来赤墀下③,迥立闾阖生长风④。

诏谓将军拂绢素,意匠昏暗谋划中。斯须九重真龙出⑤,一洗万古凡马空。[注]①曹将军霸:即曹霸,唐代著名画家,官至左武卫将军。②玉花骢:唐玄宗御马名。

③赤墀:宫殿前的红色台阶。④闾阖:传说中的天门,这里指宫门。⑤斯须:一会儿。

8. 如何明白曹霸画的马“一洗万古凡马空”?曹霸是怎样做到的?请简要分析。(5分)9. 为了突出曹霸的高明画技,诗人作了哪些铺垫?请简要分析。

(6分)(三)名篇名句默写(6分)10.补出下列句子中的空缺部门。(1)《孟子•鱼我所欲也》 中表现,生是我希望获得的,义也是我希望获得的,但“__________,__________”。(2)李白《蜀道难》中“__________,__________”两句,以叹息的方式收束对蜀道凶险的形貌,转入后文对人事的关注。

(3)杜牧《阿房宫赋》中以“__________,__________”形貌阿房宫宫人的漂亮,她们伫立远眺,盼愿着天子临幸。乙选考题请考生在第三、四两大题中选定其中一大题作答。

注意:作答时必须用2B铅笔在答题卡上把所选大题题号后的方框涂黑。只能做所选定大题内的小題,不得选做另一大题内的小题。如果多做,则按所做的第一大题计分。

三、文学类文本阅读(25分)11.阅读下面的文字,完成(1)~(4)题。(25分)战争【美】迈尔尼1941年9月,我在伦敦被炸伤,住进了医院,我的军旅生涯就此黯然竣事。我对自己很失望,对这场战争也很失望。一天深夜,我想给一位朋侪打电话,接线生把我的电话接到了一位妇女的电话线上,她其时也正准备跟别人通话。

“我是格罗斯文诺8829,”我听见她对接线生说,“我要的是汉姆普斯特的号码,你接错了,谁人倒霉蛋并不想跟我通话。”“哦,我想是。”我忙插嘴。她的声音很柔和,也很清晰,我连忙喜欢上了它。

我们相互致歉后,挂上了话筒。可是两分钟后,我又拨通了她的号码,也许是掷中注定我们要通话,我们在电话中攀谈了20多分钟。

“你干吗三更半夜找人说话呢”她问。我跟她说了原因,然后反问“那么你呢?”她说她老母亲睡欠好觉,她经常深夜打电话与她聊谈天,之后我们又谈了谈相互正在读的几本书,另有这场战争。最后我说:“我有很多多少年没这样痛快酣畅地跟人说话了。”“是吗?好了,就到这里吧,晚安,祝你做个美梦。

”她说。第二天整整一天,我老在想昨晚的对话情形,想她的机智、大方、热情和诙谐感。固然另有那悦耳的口音,那么富有魅力,像乐曲一样老在我的脑海里盘旋。到了晚上,我兼职什么也看不进。

午夜时,格罗斯文诺8829老在我脑海里闪现。我实在难以忍受,哆嗦着拨了谁人号码。

电话线彼端的铃声刚响,就马上被人接起来。“哈罗?”“是我。

”我说,“真对不起,打扰你了,我们继续谈昨晚的话题,行吗?”没说行还是不行,她立刻谈起了巴尔扎克的小说《贝姨》。不到两分钟,我们就相互开起玩笑,似乎是多年的至交。这次我们谈了45分钟。

午夜时光和相互的不认识,打破了两人初交时的拘谨。我们提议相互先容一下各自的身份,可是她婉言谢绝了。

她说这会把事情全弄糟,不外她留下了我的电话号码。我一再许诺为她保密,直到战争竣事。

于是她说了一些她的情况,17岁时她嫁给一个自己不喜欢的男子,以后一直分居。她今年36岁,唯一的儿子在前不久的一次空袭中被炸死了,年仅18岁。他是她的一切。

她经常跟他说话,似乎他还在世。她形容他像朝霞一样美,就跟她自己一样,于是她给我留下了一幅漂亮的肖像,我说她一定很美,她笑了,问道:“你怎么知道的?”我们越来越相互依赖,什么都谈。

我们在大部门话题上看法相似,包罗对战争的看法,我们开始读同样的书,以增加谈话的情趣。天天夜晚,不管多晚,我们都要通一次话。如果哪天我因事出城,没能通话,她就会埋怨说她那天晚上寥寂得辗转难眠。

随着时间的推移,我愈来愈盼望见到她。我有时吓唬她说我要找辆出租车连忙奔到她跟前。可是她不允许,她说如果我们相见后发现相互并不相爱,她会死掉的。

整整12个月,我是在期待中渡过的。我们的恋爱虽然近在咫尺,却绕过了狞恶的情感波涛,正平稳地驶向永恒的彼岸。

通话的魅力胜过了秋波和拥抱。一天晚上,我刚从乡间赶回伦敦,就连忙拿起话筒拨她的号码。

一阵嘶哑的尖啼声取代了往日那清脆悦耳的银铃声,我马上感应一阵晕眩。这意味着那条电话线出了故障或者被拆除了。第二天仍旧是嘶哑的尖叫。我找到接线生,请求他们帮我查查格罗斯文诺8829的地址,起先他们不理睬我,因为我说不出她的名字。

厥后一位富有同情心的接线小姐允许帮我查查。“固然可以。

”她说,“你似乎很焦虑。是吗?嗯,这个号码所属的那片区域前天夜里挨了炸弹,号码主人叫……” “谢谢,”我说,“别说了,请你别说了。” 我放下了话筒。(沈东子译,有删改)(1)下列对小说相关内容和艺术特色的分析鉴赏,最恰当的两项是(5分)A. 小说以“1941年9月,我在伦敦被炸伤”开头,不仅是为了交接故事发生的时间所在,更是为了强调这是作者的一段亲身履历。

B. “我有很多多少年没这样痛快酣畅地跟人说话了”,话中有话,既委婉地表达了“我”对女主人公的喜爱之情,又为两人进一步来往作了铺垫。C. 得知事情真相时“我”只说了句“别说了,请你别说了”,就放下了话筒,这看似不合常情的体现,背后转达的却是难以言说的悲伤。D. 接线生的失误让两人相识,心灵的需要让他们相恋,无情的轰炸让他们永别,小说情节既在意料之外,又在情理之中,设计自然而精巧。E.小说不仅形貌了战时一对普通情人的离合悲欢,也以真实的笔触,描绘了一幅世界反法西斯战争的历史 画卷,体现了民众的必胜信念。

(2)小说中的女主人公有哪些性格特点?请简要分析。(6分)(3)小说以“电话”为枢纽毗连人物、摆设情节。这样处置惩罚有什么作用?请简要分析。(6分)(4)小说写的只是战争中的一个小故事,却用了“战争”这样一个大题目,你认为这样处置惩罚合适吗?请联合全文,谈谈你的看法。

(8分)四、实用类文本阅读(25分)12.阅读下面的文字,完成(1)〜(4)题。(25分)吴文俊的数学世界吴文俊小学时结果平平,也没有显示出奇特的数学才气,初中时数学甚至得过零分,高中时最喜欢的是物理而非数学,但他从小就对念书有浓重兴趣,初中时国文结果一直不错,只管高三时物理得了满分,但教物理的赵贻经老师却看出了他的数学潜力,力荐他入数学系。

正始中学决议,吴文俊必须报考数学系,才气获得每年一百块大洋的奖学金,加之他怙恃又不放心独子脱离上海,吴文俊就进入了上海交大数学系,所谓“知之不如好之,好之不如乐之”,吴文俊向来是以兴趣为先导来念书的,因为他对物理有兴趣,甚至一度想要转系。是大三时教数学的武崇林老师资助他挣脱了专业上的困惑,使他认识到数学的庞大魅力。1940年,吴文俊从交大结业,先后在育英中学、培真中学担任数学教员,直到1946年见到了影响他一生的恩师陈省身,他才由一个普通的中学数学老师成为数学研究所的专业研究员。

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对于吴文俊的数学研究,他的学生高小山总结说:“吴先生做拓扑研究,一下子就能抓住焦点问题,为代数拓扑学的兴起作出了影响深远的孝敬。他从事机械定理证明也是这样,极其敏锐地看出了信息时代数学的生长趋势,他的研究受到中国古代数学的启发,罗致了中国传统数学的养分。使用吴先生的方法,险些所有数学定理的证明,都可以由盘算机来完成,从而让人类把精神放到越发宏观的层面上去思考问题。

”对吴文俊来说,虽然最初选择数学是被动的,但综观其一生,数学已逐渐成为他生命的一部门。从事数学研究,吴文俊特别强调数学思维。他说:“要创新,就要独立思考,就不能总是随着人家亦步亦趋,固然开始的时候参考借鉴也是须要的,牛顿就说过,他之所以获得乐成,因为他站在巨人的肩膀上,才气看得远,所以不能忽略学习,可是除了学习之外,还要能够独立思考,这是创新的须要条件。现在摆在中国眼前的是,数学就要靠下一代、下下代在创新方面取得庞大乐成,中华民族才可以获得再起。

”吴文俊自己的履历就是很好的例子。他在数学上的一系列成就,特别是他运用机械化思想来考察数学,发现了数学的差别侧面,并建设了新的模式,这全面得益于他的独辟蹊径。对我国的数学基础教育,吴文俊也颇有心得。

我国中学生多次在国际奥数竞赛中获奖,被看成我国数学教育乐成的证明,但吴文俊更赞同丘成桐的看法:“奥数应该是一种建设在兴趣之上的研究性、高条理学习,中国的奥数学习太过关注海量题目,直接与考试、竞赛挂钩,对系统学数学倒霉。作为基础学科,应着重引导学习的兴趣,不应当太过追求功利。”吴文俊同样清醒认识到:“竞赛获奖虽然难得,但也不能看得过重,因为它不能代表学生对数学的深度明白,也不能有效地训练数学思维。

”他认为,数学教育更重要的是造就数学的思维方式。有人曾揶揄数学家迂腐,吴文俊不光不迂腐,而且兴趣广泛,心田充满童趣,他说:“我是个想怎样就怎样的人,想玩就玩,想事情了就会安平静静地事情,从不多想。”他喜欢看影戏、读历史小说,也喜欢看围棋角逐。

老伴说他“贪玩”,他却说:“读历史书籍、看历史影片,资助了我的学术研究;看围棋角逐,更造就了我的全局看法和战略眼光。”吴文俊37岁时就获得了国家自然科学一等奖,四十多年后,他再次获得国家最高科技奖。如此长的学术生命,在数学界是很是稀有的。

当记者提出疑问时,吴文俊反问道:“我为什么不能保持这么长的学术生命?”在他看来,学术生命是能够终生保持的,许多人做不到,那是他们自己的问题,应该自我反省。他特别强调研究数学要下扎实的光阴。他说:“外国许多数学家,只管有的我很是佩服,可是我并不认同他们靠所谓巧思妙想研究数学的措施。应该凭据客观实际详细分析,一切以事实为主。

这是我主要的想法。”(摘编自柯琳娟《吴文俊传》)相关链接①1974年,吴文俊转向中国数学史研究,从中获得启发,开创了具有中国传统数学特点的数学机械化之路。他提出的“吴方法”,继续和发扬了中国古代数学基于“盘算”的传统,与通常基于逻辑的方法基础差别,首次试想了高效的几何定理自动证明。国际机械证明研究领域的权威人物S.穆尔说:“在吴文俊之前,机械化的几何定理证明处于黑暗时期,而吴的事情个整个领域带来灼烁。

”(黄婷、邱德胜《数学大师:华罗庚、陈省身、吴文俊》)②一般说来,吴教授的事情,都是独辟蹊径,不袭前人,富有缔造性的。(陈省身为吴文俊发表良好科学家奖时的评语)(1) 下列对质料有关内容的分析和归纳综合,最恰当的两项是(5分)A. 在上海交大念书期间,吴文俊因为对数学不感兴趣,曾一度想转到物理系,厥后遇见一位高明的数学老师武崇林,他才取消了转系念头。B. 吴文俊清楚地看到信息时代数学的生长趋势,受到中国古代数学的启发,提出了用盘算机实现数学定理证明的方法,作出了影响深远的孝敬。

C. 吴文俊能够清醒地认识到中国数学研究领域存在的主要问题,期待着未来的中国数学家开拓创新,取得庞大成就,从而实现中华民族的再起。D. 外国不少数学家只靠巧思妙想研究数学,只管名气很大,吴文俊却并不认同他们的研究结果,而是坚持用自己以客观为主的方法研究数学。E. 吴文俊在拓扑学、机械定理证明、数学机械化等领域都取得了许多独创性结果,获得了国际数学界同行的高度认可与评价。

(2) 吴文俊的数学研究为什么能够取得缔造性结果?请联合质料简要分析。(6分)(3) 对我国的数学基础教育,吴文俊有哪些心得?请联合质料简要归纳综合。(6分)(4) 作为一位良好的数学家,吴文俊对物理学、文学艺术等也有广泛的兴趣。

请联合质料,就兴趣广泛与专业研究的关系举行分析。(8分)五、语言文字运用(20分)13.下列各句中加点成语的使用,全部正确的一项是(3分)①舞台上的灯光时明时暗,快速幻化的布景令人目不交睫,随着歌手的狂歌劲舞,观众席上也一片沸腾。②有专家指出,石油是不行忽视的战略资源,我们必须厝火积薪,未雨绸缪,进一步健全中国的石油宁静体系。

③那些航空领域的拓荒者,许多已经脱离人世,但他们筚路蓝缕的感人形象一直深深印在人们的影象中。④这次谈判并没有其他人员到场,他们两小我私家又都一直讳莫如深,所以谈判内容就成为一个难明之谜。⑤正在悠闲散步的外科主任王教授,突然接到护士电话说有个病人情况危急,他连忙安步当车向医院跑去。

⑥从用字之讲求可以看出,这首诗的作者苦心孤诣,要在这有限的篇幅中营造出一种深邃幽远的意境。A.①②⑤ B.①④⑥ C.②③⑤ D.③④⑥14.下列各句中,没有语病的一句是(3分)A.自从我国第一颗人造卫星“东方红一号”乐成发射,成为世界上第五个把卫星送上天的国家以来,我国的航天事业取得了庞大的突破。

B.国务院克日公布盐业体制革新方案,提出不再批准新增食盐定点生产批发企业,取消食盐批发企业只能在指定规模内销售,允许它们开展跨区域谋划。C.职业教育的意义不仅在于教授技术,更在于育人,因此有意识地把工匠精神渗透进日常的技术教学中是职业教育革新的重要课题。D.面临突然发生的灾难,一个地方抗灾能力的强弱既取决于当地经济实力的雄厚,更取决于政府的应急机制和向导人的智慧。

15. 填入下面文段空缺处的词语,最恰当的一组是(3分)比尔﹒布莱森在他的《万物简史》里先容了超级火山的庞大破坏性。以美国为例,① 境内有一座超级火山喷发, ② 其发生的庞大能量将摧毁数千公里规模内的所有工具,无数人会因此丧命,③ 会导致整个国家被深达6~20米的火山笼罩,随后④ 会泛起其他许多恐怖结果, ⑤现在人类还无法预测美国超级火山在何时喷发, ⑥ 相识了它的杀伤力有利于我们制订种种减损预案。

16. 在下面一段文字横线处补写恰当的语句,使整段文字语意完整连贯,内容贴切,逻辑严密,每处不凌驾15个字。(5分)气候是一种庞大的自然现象,不仅决议着土壤、植被类型的形成,改变着地表形态, ①。

人们的生活、生产、建设无不需要思量气候的影响。气候已成为一种自然资源,供人类充实使用,为人类造福。可是, ② ,有时会带来某些灾害。所以,人们会使用一些方法,在一定区域内改变气候状况, ③。

17.下面是某校团委“中国梦演讲赛”事情的开端构想框架,请把这个构想写成一段话,要求内容恰当,表述准确,语言连贯,不凌驾85个字。(6分)六、写作(60分)18.阅读下面的质料,凭据要求写一篇不少于800字的文章。

(60分)语文学习关系到一小我私家的终身生长,社会整体的语文素养关系到国家的软实力和文化自信,对于我们中学生来说,语文素养的提升主要与三条途径:课堂有效教学、课外大量教学、社会生活实践。请凭据质料,从自己语文学习的体会出发,比力上述三条途径,论述你的看法和理由。要求选好角度,确定立意,明确文体,自拟标题,不要套作,不得抄袭,不得泄露小我私家信息。正确谜底及相关剖析一、现代文阅读1.B,2.C,3.D二、古代诗文阅读(一)文言文阅读4.C,5.D,6.B7.(1)这中间岂非没有朴直的人吗?却不能蒙受被攻击倾轧,大多不能安身。

(2)副使崔应麟瞥见黎民吃湖中的雁屎,用包裹拿来给陈登云看,陈登云立刻上报给朝廷。(二)古代诗歌阅读8.(1)曹霸宝马画成,似乎从宫门腾跃而出的飞龙,一切凡马在此马前都显得相形失色,通过对比,烘托出曹霸笔下宝马的神奇雄峻,陪衬出曹霸绘画武艺的超凡高明,表达了诗人对画家的赞美。

(2)诗人巧妙构想,匠心独运,细致描画9.(1)一二句写先帝的御马玉花骢,众多画师都形貌过,却各有差别,无一栩栩如生。为后面形貌曹霸画马的历程做铺垫,与曹霸笔下的骏马形成对比,陪衬出曹霸画技的高明。(2)三四句写,玉花骢牵至阊阖宫的红色台阶前,扬首卓立,神气轩昂。

“生长风”写出了真马的雄峻神气,作为画中马的有力陪衬,进一步陪衬曹霸的高明画技。(3)五六句写玄宗即命曹霸展开白绢就地写生,曹霸立即独运匠心、细心构想,尔后淋漓尽致落笔挥洒。时间之短暂,陪衬武艺之高明。

(三)名篇名句默写(1)二者不行得兼,舍生而取义者也(2)其险也如此,嗟尔远道之人胡为乎来哉(3)缦立远视,而望幸焉三、文学类文本阅读11.(1)CD(2)热情大方;懦弱孤苦;温婉善良(3)人物塑造:小说中两个主人公虽未碰面,但通过电话实现相同,随着对话的展开和细致的语言形貌,展示人物的性格和运气;情节摆设:“电话”是小说的线索,贯串文章各个情节。文章构想巧妙,引人入胜。

主题方面:“电话”中的浪漫和优美被战火摧残成残酷的现实,深化了小说主题。(4)合理。战争是整个小说发生的配景。小说通过叙述因一个错误的电话而发生的恋爱故事,反映了战争给小我私家带来的浓重悲剧; 小说通过写战争中个体运气的悲剧,反映了整个社会带来的深重灾难。

(言之成理,酌情给分)四、实用类文本阅读12.(1)BC(2)敏锐的洞察力;独立思考与创新;扎实的研究功夫。(言之成理,酌情给分)(3)奥数教学应注意系统性;应注重引导学习兴趣;要注重造就学生数学思维。

(4)吴文俊对物理学有着浓重的兴趣,在兴趣的影响下,他独辟蹊径,运用机械化思想研究数学,建设了新模式,在数学专业研究取得了一系列成就。吴文俊对文学艺术有着广泛兴趣,涉猎历史书籍、寓目历史影片,拓宽了学术研究的视野;甚至寓目围棋角逐也造就了他在数学研究的全局看法和战略眼光。

五、语言文字运用13.D14.C15.D16.而且影响人类的生存;气候并非完美无缺;来降低气候灾害的几率。17.中国梦演讲赛将于5月4日在陈诉厅举行,运动预计选拔20人参赛,设置6个奖项,本次运动通过海报举行前期宣传,并组织稿件在学校网站和校报上举行专题报道。

六、写作18.立意:权衡是那条途径,着重论述其一,或建设三者之间的联系。行文中联合自己语文学习的实际,理由明确充实。以上资料电子版免费获取方式以上电子资料免费领取方式:点击↓↓↓下方蓝字“相识更多”进入民众号》点击相关链接根据民众号文章提示即可免费下载。

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